Alexander Calder

Biography


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Born in 1898, Lawnton, PA.
Died in 1976, New York, NY.

Education

1926
Académie de la Grande Chaumière, Paris, France.

1923–25
Art Students League, New York, NY.

1919
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2017
'Calder, Forgeron de géantes libellules.', Musée Soulage, Rodez, France
'Hypermobility', Withney Museum of American Art - New York, USA
'Calder : Monumental', Denver Botanic Gardens, USA
Alexander Calder: Scaling Up, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA Calder on Paper: 1960 - 1976, Saatchi Gallery, London, UK
Calder: Hypermobility, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Calder Monumental, Denver Botanic Gardens, CO

2016
'Calder and Picasso', Almine Rech Gallery, New York, USA
The Boldness of Calder, Louisa Guinness Gallery, London, UK
Calder in the Alps, Hauser & Wirth, Gstaad, Switzerland
Alexander Calder, Pace Gallery, Hong Kong
Alexander Calder: Motion Lab, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA

2015
'Alexander Calder: Performing Sculpture', Tate Modern, London, UK
'Alexander Calder: Retrospective', Pushkin Museum of Fine Art, Moscow, RS
'Imagining the Universe', Sotheby’s S|2, Hong Kong.
'Calder: Lightness'. Pulitzer Arts Foundation, Saint Louis, MO.
'Calder Lightness', Pulitzer Arts Foundation, Saint Louis, USA
'Calder: Discipline of the Dance', Museo Jumex, Mexico City, Mexico.
'Alexander Calder: Multum in Parvo', Dominique Levy, New York, NY.
'Alexander Calder: Primary Motions', Dominique Levy, London, England.

2014
'Summer Sculpture Garden', Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
'Calder and Abstraction: From Avant-Garde to Iconic', Los Angeles Country Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA 
Alexander Calder. Fondation Beyeler, Basel. Switzerland.
Alexander Calder: Gouaches. Gagosian Gallery, Davies Street, London, England. Alexander Calder: Gouaches. Gagosian Gallery, 980 Madison Avenue, New York, NY. A

2013
'Calder and Abstraction: From Avant-Garde to Iconic', Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA.
'Alexander Calder - Avant-Garde in Motion', Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, DE 

2011
Alexander Calder. Gagosian Gallery, Davies Street, London, England.

2010
Alexander Calder. Gagosian Gallery, W. 21st Street, New York, NY.

2009
Monumental Sculpture. Gagosian Gallery, Rome, Italy.

2005
Monumental Sculpture. Gagosian Gallery, W. 24th Street, New York, NY. Alexander Calder 60’s-70’s. GióMarconi, Milan, Italy.
Calder: The Forties. Thomas Dane, London, England.

2004
Calder/Miró. Foundation Beyeler, Riehen, Switzerland. Traveled to: Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C. (through 2005).
Calder: Sculpture and Works on Paper. Elin Eagles-Smith Gallery, San Francisco, CA. 590 Madison Avenue, New York, NY.

2003
Calder. Gagosian Gallery, Los Angeles, CA.
Calder: Gravity and Grace. Guggenheim Bilbao, Spain. Traveled to: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain (through 2004).
Alexander Calder: Poetry In Motion. Kukje Gallery, Seoul, South Korea (through 2004). Alexander Calder in Focus: Works from the Leonard and Ruth Horwich Family Loan. Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL (through 2004).
Calder in Miniature. PaceWildenstein at The Art Show, 7th Regiment Armory, New York, NY.
A Modern Definition of Space: Calder Sculpture. Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York, NY. Thirty Three Women. Thomas Ammann Fine Art, Zurich, Switzerland.
The Whimsical World of Alexander Calder. Gerald Peters Gallery, Santa Fe, NM.

2002
Alexander Calder in Focus: Works from the Leonard and Ruth Horwich Family Loan. Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL (through 2003).
Alexander Calder: the Art of Invention. Bellagio Gallery of Fine Art, Las Vegas, NV. Calder ‘76/The Cutouts. PaceWildenstein, New York, NY.
Alexander Calder: Summer Installation. PaceWildenstein, New York, NY.
Calder: Four Maquettes, Two Stabiles & A Little Bird Too. Ameringer Yohe Fine Art, New York, NY.

2001
Grand Intuitions: Calder’s Monumental Sculpture. Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, NY (through 2003).
Calder. Crane Kalman Gallery, London, England.

2000
Alexander Calder: Color and Motion. Iwaki City Art Museum, Japan. Traveled to: The Museum of Modern Art, Toyama, Japan; Hokkaido Obihiro Museum of Art, Japan; The Museum of Art, Kochi, Japan; Hiroshima Prefectural Art Museum, Kawamura, Japan; Nagoya City Art Museum, Japan.
Alexander Calder in Focus: Works from the Leonard and Ruth Horwich Family Loan. Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL (through 2001).
Alexander Calder in Focus. Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL.
Calder in Connecticut. Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, CT.

1999
Alexander Calder Sculpture. Lever House, 390 Park Avenue, New York, NY. Motion– Emotion: The Art of Alexander Calder. O’Hara Gallery, New York, NY.

1998
Three Stabiles: A Calder Centennial at the Phillips Collection. The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C. (through 1999).
Alexander Calder: 1898–1976. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Traveled to: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CA.
Alexander Calder: Grand Stabiles. Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, New York.

1997
Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain (through 1998).

1995
Celebrating Calder. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY. Traveled to: The Baltimore Museum of Art, MD; Albright–Know Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
(through 1996).
Alexander Calder. Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark. Traveled to: Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden; Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (through 1996).Alexander Calder: the 50’s. PaceWildenstein, Los Angeles, CA. Traveled to: PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (through 1996).
Calder Jewelry. A/D, New York, NY.
The Mobile, the Stabile, the Animal: Wit in the Art of Alexander Calder. Bruce Museum, Greenwich, CT.

1994
Alexander Calder: L'imaginaire et L'équilibre. Musée de Québec, Canada. Art Cars. Museu de Arte de São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand, Brazil. Calder. O'Hara Gallery, New York, NY.

1993
Big Crinkly. Andre Emmerich Gallery, Bryant Park, New York, NY.
Alexander Calder: Five Grand Stabiles. Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, NY. Alexander Calder: Die großen Skulpturen/Der andere Calder, Kunst und Ausstellungshalle der Budesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn, Germany.
Alexander Calder: Sculpture, Paintings, Works on Paper. O'Hara Gallery, New York, NY.
Alexander Calder: Monumental Sculpture. Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY.

1992
Calder: Oils, Gouaches, Mobiles and Tapestries. Crane Gallery, London, England. IVAM Centre Julio Gonzalez, Valencia, Spain.
Alexander Calder: Mobiles and Gouaches. Sammlung Hauser & Wirth, Zurich, Switzerland.

1991
Celebrating Calder. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (through 1992).
Mobiles, Gouaches, Tapestries. Gallery Urban, New York, NY and Paris, France.

1990
Sculpture, Paintings & Gouaches. Jack Rutberg Fine Arts, Inc., Los Angeles, CA (through 1991).
1990 Calder: Dix Gouaches 1970–1973. Galerie Bonnier, Geneva, Switzerland. Works on Paper. Simon Capstick-Dale Fine Art, New York, NY.

1989
Calder Intime. Musée des Arts Decoratifs, Paris. Traveled to: El Centro Cultural/Arte Contemporaneo, Mexico City, Mexico; Cooper Hewitt Museum, New York, NY; Minneapolis Institute of Art, MN; and Seibu Hall, Tokyo, Japan (through 1990). Mobiles. Greenberg Gallery Annex, St. Louis, MO.
Calder Stabiles. The Pace Gallery, New York, NY.

1988
Alexander Calder: Sculpture of the 1930's. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY.
Calder: Drawings, Stabiles, Mobiles. Barbara Mathes Gallery, New York.
Standing and Hanging Mobiles 1945–1976. Galleria Seno, Milan. Traveled to Edward Totah Gallery, London, England.
Alexander Calder; Selected Work. Arnold Herstand Gallery, New York, NY.

1987
Alexander Calder: Bronzes, The Pace Gallery, New York, NY.

1986
Bakalar Sculpture Gallery, List Visual Arts Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.
Alexander Calder, An American Invention. Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE.

1985
Galerie Maeght, Lelong, Paris, France.
Calder's Calders. The Pace Gallery, New York, NY.
Calder's Creatures Great and Small. Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, NY. Traveled to: Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, DE; Cedar Rapids Art Museum, Cedar Rapids, IA.

1984
Rachel Alder Gallery, New York, NY.
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela.
M. Knoedler, Zurich AG Kirchglasse, Zurich, Switzerland.

1983
Flint Institute of Arts in the Dewaters Art Center, MI.
M. Knoedler & Co., New York, NY.
Calder: A Retrospective Exhibition. Palazzo a Vela, Turin, Italy. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO.
Made at the Zoo and Elsewhere Too! Fort Worth Art Museum, TX. Maeght Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland.

1982
University Art Museum, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA. (through 1983).
M. Knoedler & Co., New York, NY.

1981
Waddington and Mayor Galleries, London, England. Brewster Gallery, New York, NY.

1980
Standing Mobiles, M. Knoedler & Co., New York, NY.

1979
Marisa del Re Gallery, New York, NY. Rolly–Michaux Gallery, New York, NY.

1978
Alexander Calder: Sculpture of the 1970's, M. Knoedler & Co., New York, NY. Calder Gouaches, Rolly-Michaux Gallery, New York, NY.

1977
Bonino Gallery, New York, NY. Galerie Maeght, Barcelona, Spain. Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel.

1976
Greater Philadelphia Cultural Alliance, Philadelphia, PA.
Makler Gallery, Philadelphia, PA
Perls Galleries, New York, NY.
Calder's Universe. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY.

1975
Crags and Critters. Galerie Maeght, Paris, France.
Center for the Arts Gallery, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT.
Galerie Parallele, Geneva, Switzerland.
National Collection of Fine Arts/Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY.
Mitchell Sewall Gallery, New York, NY.
Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY.

1974
Katonah Gallery, New York, NY.
Centre Culturel de Saint-Pierre des Corps, France. Galerie Jeanne Abeille, Toulouse, France.
Musée Municipal, Cluny, France.
Crags and Critters. Perls Galleries, New York, NY. Calder Festival, Chicago, IL.
Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL. Galerie Cour Saint Pierre, Geneva, Switzerland. Leonard Hutton Galleries, New York, NY.

1973
Recent Mobiles. Galerie Maeght, Paris, France. Tapestries. Kunsthalle, Bielefeld, Germany. Galerie T. Roussel, Perpignan, France.
Sala Gaspar, Barcelona, Spain.
Retrospective. Galerie Maeght, Zurich, Switzerland. Palais des Beaux-Arts, Charleroi, France.
Detroit Institute of the Arts, MI.
University of Hartford, CT.
Calder at 75—Works in Progress. Perls Galleries, New York, NY. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY.

1972
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY.
Circus drawings and Early Circus Oils. Perls Galleries, New York, NY. Sala Pelaires, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
Galerie Bollack, Strasbourg, France.

1971
Galerie Maeght, Paris, France.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY. Kouler Gallery, Chicago, IL.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY. Galerie Blanche, Stockholm, Sweden. Galerie Maeght, Paris, France.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY.
Musée Toulouse-Lautrec, Albi, France. Traveled to: Maison des Arts et Loisirs, Sochaux, France.
American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, NY.
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY.
Taft Museum, Cincinnati, OH.
Brook Street Gallery, London, England.
Galerie d'Art Moderne, Basel, Switzerland.
Studio Marconi, Milan, Italy.
Gimpel Fils, London, England.
John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, CA.
Galleria dell'Obelisco, Rome, Italy.

1970
Perls Galleries, New York, NY.
The Circus. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY. Long Beach Museum of Art, CA.
Fine Arts Gallery, San Diego, CA.
Phoenix Museum of Art, AZ.
Kouler Gallery, Chicago, IL.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY.
Galerie Blanche, Stockholm, Sweden.

1969
A Salute to Alexander Calder. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Grand Rapids Museum, MI.
Grand Valley State College, Allendale, MI.
Retrospective at the Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France. Calder in Venezuela. Fundacion Eugenio Mendoza, Caracas, Venezuela. Donald Morris Gallery, Detroit, MI.
Gimpel Fils, London, England. Perls Galleries, New York, NY.

ALMINE RECH GALLERY

1968
Donald Morris Gallery, Detroit, MI (through 1969).
Retrospective exhibition at Maison de la Culture, Bourges, France. Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France.
Flèches. Galerie Maeght, Paris, France.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY.
Dayton's Gallery 12, Minneapolis, MO.
Musée des Augustins, Toulouse, France.

1967
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.
The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.
Retrospective exhibition at Akademie der Künste, West Berlin. Galleria Arco d'Alibert/Studio d'Arte, Rome, Italy.
Edgardo Acosta Gallery, Beverly Hills, CA.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY.

1966
Galerie Maeght, Paris, France.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, MA.
Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, England.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY.
Donald Morris Gallery, Detroit, MI.

1965
Makler Gallery, Philadelphia, PA.
Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, France.

1964
Galleria del Naviglio, Milan, Italy.
Galleria Cavallino, Venice, Italy.
Grosvenor Gallery, London, England.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY.
Circus Drawings, Wire Sculptures and Toys. Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX. Retrospective. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY.

1963
Perls Gallery, Beverly Hills, CA.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY.
Galerie Vomel, Düsseldorf, Germany.
Large Stabiles, Galerie Maeght, Paris, France.

1962
Musée de Rennes, France, (through 1963).
Spoleto, Italy.
Librairie Galerie La Hune, Paris, France.
Retrospective exhibition at the Tate Gallery, London, England. Gouaches, Lincoln Gallery, London, England.
Perls Galleries, New York, NY. Galerie Blanche, Stockholm, Sweden.

1961
Gouaches. Lincoln Gallery, London, England. Tapestry. Galerie d'Aubusson, Paris, France.

1960
Large Stabiles. Perls Galleries, New York, NY.

1959
Galerie Maeght, Paris, France.
Museu de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

1958
Perls Gallery, New York, NY.
Galerie Blanche, Stockholm, Sweden.

1957
Restrospective exhibition. Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland.

1956
Perls Galleries, New York, NY. Galleria dell'Obelisco, Rome, Italy. Galleria del Naviglio, Milan, Italy. Musée Grimaldi, Antibes, France. Galerie Lucie Weil, Paris, France.

1955
Curt Valentin Gallery, New York, NY.
Reid and Lefevre Gallery, London, England. Museo di Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela.

1954
Cahiers d'Art, Christian Zervos, Paris, France. Galerie Maeght, Paris, France.

1953
Christian Zervos, Aix-en-Provence, France. Traveled to: Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN.
Perls Gallery, Beverly Hills, CA; Naum Gabo, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT.

1952
Gongs and Towers, Curt Valentin Gallery, New York, NY. Traveled to: Margaret Brown Gallery, Boston, MA.
Galerie Maeght, Paris, France.
Galerie der Spiegel, Cologne, France.

1951
Lefevre Gallery, London, England.
Neue Galerie, Vienna, Austria.
Vienna Art Club, Vienna, Austria.
U.S. Information Center, Vienna, Austria.

1950
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. (through 1951). Galerie Maeght, Paris, France.
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Galerie Blanche, Stockholm, Sweden.
Institute of Contemporary Arts, Washington, D.C.

1949
Margaret Brown Gallery, Boston, MA. Buchholz Gallery, New York, NY.

1948
Ministerio de Educacao, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Museu de Arte, São Paulo, Brazil.
California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francsico, CA. Institute of Contemporary Arts, Washington, D.C.

1947
The Portland Museum of Art, OR.
Calder's Mobiles , Buchholz Gallery, New York, NY.

1946
Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France.

1945
Samuel B. Kootz Gallery, New York. Buchholz Gallery, New York, NY.

1944
Buchholz Gallery, Curt Valentin, New York, NY.

1943
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (through 1944). Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL.
Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY.
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA.

1941
Wallace K. Harrison's home, Huntington, Long Island, NY. New Orleans Arts & Crafts Club, New Orleans, LA.
Design Project, Los Angeles, CA.
Marian Willard Gallery, New York, NY.
San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, CA.

1940
Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY. Marian Willard Gallery, New York, NY.

1939
Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY.

1938
Freddy Mayor Gallery, London, England.
Retrospective, George Walter Vincent Smith Art Gallery, Springfield, MA.

1937
Circus performances, London, England. Freddy Mayor Gallery, London, England. Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY.

1936
Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY. Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York.

1935
Renaissance Society, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL. Arts Club, Chicago, IL.
Circus performances, Chicago, IL.

1934
Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY.

1933
University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain. Amics de l'Art Nou, Barcelona, Spain. Pierre Loeb, Paris, France.
Galerie Pierre Colle, Paris, France. Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, MA.

1932
Galerie Vignon, Paris, France. Julien Levy Gallery, New York, NY.

1931
Volumes, Vecteurs, Densités, Desseins, Portraits. Galerie Percier, Paris, France.

1930
Harvard Society for Contemporary Art, Cambridge, MA. Circus performances, Paris, France.
Salon d'Araignée, Paris, France.
Salon des Surindependants, Paris, France.

1929
Galerie Billiet, Paris, France. Weyhe Gallery, New York, NY.

1928
Circus performances, New York, NY. Weyhe Gallery, New York, NY. Circus performance, Paris, France.

1927
Performances of Miniature Circus, Paris, France. Salon des Humoristes, Paris, France.

1926
The Artists' Gallery, New York, NY.

Selected Group Exhibitions

2017
'Visionaries : creating a modern Guggenheim', Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
‘Musicircus : Oeuvres Phares du centre Pompidou’, Centre George Pompidou, Metz, France
'Calder on Paper : 1960 - 1976', Saatchi Gallery, London, UK

2016
‘Alexander Calder & Fischli/Weiss’, Fondation Beyeler, Riehen, Switzerland
'Calder and Picasso', Almine Rech Gallery, New York, USA
'Marvelous Objects : Surrealist Sculpture from Paris to New York', Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, USA

2015
'American Icons: Masterworks from SFMOMA and the Fischer Collection', Grand Palais, Paris, France.
'America Is Hard to See. Whitney Museum of American Art', New York, NY. Wall Flowers. Sotheby’s 'S|2', Palm Beach, FL.

2014
'Art or Sound', Fondazione Prada, Ca’Corner della Regina, Venice, Italy. Group Show. Gagosian Gallery, Paris, France.

2013
'Calder | Prouvé', Gagosian Gallery, Le Bourget, Paris, France.

2012
'Micro Mania', Gagosian Gallery, Paris Project Space, Paris, France.

2011
'Malevich and the American Legacy', Gagosian Gallery, 980 Madison Avenue, New York, NY.

2010
Yves Tanguy and Alexander Calder. L&M Arts, New York, NY.
'Alexander Calder and Contemporary Art : Form, Balance, Joy', Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, Chicago, USA. 

2008
'for what you are about to receive', Gagosian Gallery/Red October, Moscow, Russia.

2005
'Sculpture', Dominique Lévy Fine Art, New York, NY. Winterpaperseven. Woodward Gallery, New York, NY.
Large Scale Works. Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY.
A Gallery Portfolio. Flomenhaft, New York, NY.
Surrealism USA. National Academy Museum, New York, NY.

2004
Calder/ Noguchi. 590 Madison Avenue, New York, NY (through 2005). Calder/Miró. Fondation Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland. Traveled to: The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C. (through 2005).
Around the World in Forty Years (Organized by The ART in Embassies Program). South Court,
Diplomatic Reception Rooms, and Delegates Lounge, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C.

2003
American Cutout. The New York Studio School of Drawing, New York, NY.

2002
Pierre Matisse and His Artists. The Morgan Library, New York, NY.
Claude Monet... up to digital impressionism. Fondation Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland.
Vital Forms, American Art in the Atomic Age, 1940–1960, Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York.
Alexander Calder, Richard Serra, Frank Stella, Van De Weghe Fine Art, New York, NY.
The Cultural Desert: Art, Medicine & Environment. Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, AZ. Inside Contemporary Sculpture. Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art, AZ. Objective Color, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT.
The Lenore and Burton Gold Collection of 20th–Century Art. High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA.
Recent Acquisitions, Alan Koppel Gallery, Chicago, IL.
Amused; Humor in Contemporary Art, Carrie Secrist Gallery, Chicago, IL.

2000
Tapestries by 20th Century Masters: Calder, Chagall, Picasso, Kandinsky Klee, Miró. Kunsthauswien, Vienna, Austria.
Earthly Forms: The Biomorphic Sculpture of Arp, Noguchi and Calder,PaceWildenstein, New York, NY.
Art at Work: Forty Years of the Chase Manhattan Collection. Queens Museum of Art, Flushing Meadows, NY.
American Bricolage. Sperone Westwater, New York.
Group Show. Grant Selwyn Fine Art, New York.

1999
Renoir to Rothko: The Eye of Duncan Phillips. The Phillips Collection, Washington, DC, (through 2000).
Art and Industry: Contemporary Porcelain from Sèvres. American CraftMuseum, New York.
Group Exhibition. PaceWildenstein, New York, NY.
Art at Work: Forty Years of The Chase Manhattan Collection. The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston and Contemporary Arts Museum, TX.
The American Century: Art and Culture 1900–1950. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY.
Summer ’99. PaceWildenstein, New York, NY.

1998
A Grand Design. Baltimore Museum of Art, MD. Traveled to: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX; California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, CA; Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
Point and Line to Plane–Sculpture from the Leeds Collections, Henry Moore Institute, Leeds, England.
Sculpture. PaceWildenstein, Los Angeles, CA.
Art and the American Experience. Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, MI.

1997
Summer 1997, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY.
In Celebration: Works of Art from the Collections of Princeton Alumni and
Friends of The Art Museum, Princeton University, The Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.
The Age of Modernism–Art in the 20th Century. Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany.
Inaugural Exhibition. Ace Gallery, Mexico City, Mexico.
Calder–Miró: Colors and Contours, Beadleston Gallery, New York, NY.
American Works: 1945–1975. C&M Arts, New York, NY. Forms and Rhythms. Barbara Mathes Gallery, New York, NY.

1995
Masterworks of Modern Sculpture: The Nasher Collection. Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. Traveled to: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY. (through 1997).
Twentieth Century American Sculpture at The White House, Part V (curated by Rusty Powell). The White House Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. (through 1997). Americans in Paris: Man Ray, Gerald Murphy, Stuart Davis and Alexander Calder. The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.
Sculpture. Galerie Hauser and Wirth, Zürich, Switzerland.
Masters of American Sculpture: Alexander Calder, Mark di Suvero, Richard Serra,
David Smith. Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY.
Craft in the Machine Age, 1920–1945. American Craft Museum, New York.
The Figure in American Sculpture: A Question of Modernity. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA. Traveled to: Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, AL; Wichita Art Museum, KS; National Academy of Design, New York, NY.
Group Show. PaceWildenstein, New York, NY.
Summer 1995. PaceWildenstein, New York, NY.
Kitsch to Corbusier: Wallpapers From the 1950's. Cooper-Hewitt Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution, New York, NY.
Out of Wood: Arp, Calder, Cornell, Diller, Ernst, Joostens, Nevelson, Popova, Torres– Garcia. Rachel Adler, New York, NY.

1994
Sculptors’ Maquettes. The Pace Gallery, New York, NY.
Sculpture. Nina Freudenheim Gallery, Buffalo, New York, NY.
Zingy! Beth Urdang Gallery, Boston, MA.
1994 Artists Who Worked in Paris, New York and Connecticut. Kent Gallery, Kent, CT.
White Works. PaceWildenstein, New York, NY.

1993
Images and Insights. Hugh Lane Municipal Gallery of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland (through 1994).
Art Against AIDS Venezia. Peggy Guggenheim Collection (sponsored by the 45 Venice Biennale), Venice, Italy.
Sculpture and Color. The Pace Gallery, New York, NY.
Picasso and the Age of Iron. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.
American Art in the 20th Century: Painting and Sculpture 1913–1993. Martin- Gropius-Bau, Berlin. Traveled to: Royal Academy of Arts, London, England. La Collection Maeght 1909–1993, Elac, Lyon, France.
Materia, Imagen y Concepto: Un Recorrido por el Arte Contemporáneo Internacional, Galería Namia Mondolfi, Caracas, Venezuela.
On Paper: The Figure in 20th Century American Art, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY.
Alexander Calder und Joan Miró, Galerie Kaj Forsblom, Zurich, Switzerland.
Works on Paper and Sculpture, Waddington Galleries, London.
XXth Century Sculpture, Nohra Haime Gallery, New York.
The Linear Image II: Twentieth–Century Master Works on Paper, Marisa del Re Gallery, New York.
Sculptures (1832–1992), Galerie Marc Blondeau, Paris.
Miró and New York: 1930–1950, Washburn Gallery, New York.

1992
Arte Americana 1930–1970, Lingotto, Turin, Italy.
Designs for the Avant–Garde Theater, Rachel Adler Gallery, New York.
Sculpture, Waddington Galleries, London.
Arp e amici, Musei e cultura, Città di Locarno, Italy.
TransForm: BildObjektSkulptur im 20. Jahrhundert, Kunstmuseum und Kunsthalle, Basel, Switzerland.
Territorium Artis, Kunst-und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn, Germany.
Le Portrait Dans L'Art Contemporain, Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain, Nice, France.
L'Art En Mouvement, Foundation Maeght, Paris.
Small Formats and Sculpture, Achim Moeller Fine Art, New York
Masterpieces from the Guggenheim Collection, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Modern Sculpture, Marlborough Gallery, New York.
Conversation, Galerie Kaj Forsblom, Zurich.

1991
Foire Internationale d'Art Contemporain, Grand Palais, Paris.

1990
Abstract Sculpture in America: 1930–1970, organized by The American Federation of Arts. Traveled to: Lowe Art Museum, University of Miami, FL; Museum of Arts and Sciences, Macon, GA; Akron Art Museum, OH; Fort Wayne Museum of Art, IN; Musée du Quebec, Canada; Terra Museum of American Art, Chicago.
Experiencing Sculpture: The Figurative Presence in America, 1870–1920, The Hudson River Museum of Westchester, Yonkers, New York (through 1992).
Sculptures Monumentales, Parvis du Musée, Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain, Nice, France (through 1992).
Drawings from the Permanent Collection, Neuberger Museum, State University of New York at Purchase.
Heads, A selection of painting and sculpture, Gimpel Fils, London.
Toward a New Museum: Recent Acquisitions in Painting and Sculpture, 1985–1991, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CA.
Abstract Sculpture in America, 1930–1970, Lowe Art Museum, Coral Gables, FL. Selected Works on Paper, O'Hara Gallery, New York.
La Sculpture et Son Dessin: De Rodin à Robert Morris, JGM. Galerie, Paris. Masterworks of Contemporary Sculpture, Painting and Drawing, the 1930's to the 1990's, Bellas Artes, Santa Fe, NM.
Meisterwerke der Foundation Maeght, Stadhalle Balingen, Germany. 1991 Sculpture Biennial, Monte Carlo, France.
Les artistes décident de jouer, Association Campredon Art et Culture, L'Isle-sue-la- Sorgue, France.
Art Cars, BMW Gallery, New York (through 1991).
Private Views, Achim Moeller Fine Art, New York (through 1991).
Masterpieces of the Guggenheim Collection, Guggenheim Museum, New York.Traveled to: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid; Palazzo Grassi, Venice, Italy.
Group Show, Kass/Meridian, Chicago.
Goldschmidt Bequest, Musée d'Art Moderne, Brussels, Belgium.
Calder, Helion, Ozenfant, Popova, Torres–Garcia, Rachel Adler Gallery, New York. The 20th Anniversary, Fuji Television Gallery, Tokyo.
Portrait of an American Gallery, Galerie Isy Brachot, Brussels, Belgium.
Sculpture and Painting, The Pace Gallery, New York.
Group Show, Samuel P. Harn Museum, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Contemporary Sculpture, Galeria Freites, Caracas, Venezuela.
Private Views: Masters of the 19th and 20th Centuries: Drawings, Paintings, Sculpture, Achim Moeller Fine Art, New York.
1990 Inaugural Exhibition: One Hundred Years of American and European Art, Adelson Galleries, New York.

1989
Calder, Johns, Rauschenberg, Wesselmann, Galerie Tokoro, Tokyo. Wege Zur Abstraktion, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland.

1988
Sculptures, Thomas Ammann Fine Art, Zurich.
Flache, Figur, Raum, Galerie Gmurzynska, Cologne, France.
American Mastery: Eight Artists in the Permanent Collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.
Convulsive Beauty: The Impact of Surrealism on American Art, Whitney Museum of
American Art-Fairfield County, Stamford, CT.
Alexander Calder: Gouaches, Nohra Haime Gallery, New York.

1987
Monte Carlo Sculpture '87, Marisa del Re Gallery, Monte Carlo,
France .Contemporary Sculpture from Florida Collections, University Gallery, College of Fine Arts, University of Florida, Gainesville.

1986
Bakalar Sculpture Gallery, List Visual Arts Center, M.I.T., Cambridge, MA. Amnesty International USA, 25th Anniversary Art Auction, Santa Fe, NM.
Contemporary Work from The Pace Gallery, University of Alabama, Moody Gallery, GA.
The Machine Age, The Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, New York.
Commemorative exhibition of the 50th Anniversary of the American Artists Congress (1936–1942), ACA Galleries, New York.

1985
Bell Gallery, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island and Cantor Art Gallery, College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA. Traveled to: Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, New York.Robert Miller Gallery, New York.
Alex Rosenberg Gallery, New York.
The Third Dimension–Sculpture of the New York School, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

1983
Sculpture: The Tradition in Steel, Nassau County Museum of Fine Art, New York. Twentieth–Century Sculpture: Process and Presence, Whitney Museum of American Art at Philip Morris, New York.
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX.
American Sculpture, Forum Gallery, New York.
The Sculptor as Draftsman, Selections from the Permanent Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

1979
Supershow, The Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, New York.

1978
Sculpture, Modern Works, Philbrook Art Center, OK.

1977
Drawing for Outdoor Sculpture, John Weber Gallery, New York.

1976
Venice Biennale, Italy.

1975
Plane, Flying Colors, Galerie Maeght, Paris Air Show. Musée des Arts Decoratifs, Louvre, Paris.
Five Americans, The Pace Gallery, New York.

1974
Sixth Biennial of Graphic Design, Brno, Czechoslovakia. Agora II, Musée de l'Ancienne Douane, Strassboug, France. Monumenta: Sculpture in the Environment, Newport, RI.

1973
Le Mouvement, Dijon, France.
Three Sculptors: Calder, Nevelson, David Smith, Whitney Museum of American Art, Downtown, New York.

1972
Miró–Calder, Fuji Television Company Gallery, Tokyo, Japan. Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland.

1971
Sculpture in the Park, Paramus, NJ.
Calder/Nevelson/Smith, Society of the Four Arts, Palm Beach, FL.

1970
Calder and Jean Bazaine, Chateau de Ratilly, Treigny, France. Sculpture in the City, Reims, France.

1969
New York Painting and Sculpture: 1940–1970, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (through 1970).
Fête de l'Humanité, Vincennes, France.

1968
Arts and Culture, Noisy-le-Sec, France.

1967
City sponsored exhibition of outdoor sculpture, Harlem, New York.

1966
Outdoor Sculpture '66, DeCordova Museum, Lincoln, MA. Trois Siècles de Tapisseries, Gobelins, Paris.
Municipal Cultural Center, Toulouse, France.
Houston Arts Festival, TX.
Annual Exhibition 1966, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

1965
American Tapestries, Charles E. Slatkin Galleries, New York.

1964
Documenta III, Kassel, Germany.

1961
Motion in Art, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.
Perls Galleries, New York.
Calder, Alexander, Milne, Alexander, Stirling, Alexander, Delaware Art Center.

1959
Nature in Abstraction, Whitney Museum of Art, New York.

1958
Carnegie International Exhibition, Pittsburgh, PA.

1957
Four Masters, World House Galleries, New York.

1955
Le Mouvement, Galerie Denise René, Paris.

1954
Milan Triennale.

1953
São Paulo Biennale, Brazil.

1952
Venice Biennale, Italy.

1951
Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX.
Seventy-Fifth Anniversary Exhibition by Seventy-Five Artists Associated with the Art Students
League, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

1949
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA.

1947
Kunsthalle, Bern, Switzerland.
Le Surréalisme en 1947, Galerie Maeght, Paris.

1942
Artists for Victory, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. First Papers of Surrealism, Reid Mansion, New York.

1939
San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition, CA.

1938
Trois Siècles d'Art aux États-Unis, Musée du Jeu de Paume, Paris.

1937
Fantastic Art–Miró and Calder, Honolulu Academy of Arts, HI.

1936
Modern Painters and Sculptors as Illustrators, The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Fantastic Art, Dada and Surrealism, The Museum of Modern Art, New York.

1935
Thèse, Anthithèse, Synthèse, Kunstmuseum of Lucerne, Switzerland.

1934
City of New York, Exhibition.
A Selection of Works by Twentieth-Century Artists, Renaissance Society, University of Chicago.

1933
Galerie Pierre, Paris.

1931
Abstraction–Création, Porte de Versailles, Paris.

1930
Painting and Sculpture by Living Americans. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.

1929
Salon des Independants, Paris, France.
Galerie Neumann und Nierendorf, Berlin, Germany. Harvard Society for Contemporary Art, Cambridge, MA. Fifty Sixth Street Galleries, New York, NY.

1928
New York Society of Independent Artists. Waldorf–Astoria, March Salon de l'Araignée, Paris, France.

1926
Salon des Independants, Paris, France.
Public Collections
Alfred E. Burr Mall, Hartford, CT
Amboise, France
American Republic Insurance, Des Moines, IA
The Art Institute of Chicago
The Art Museum at Florida International University, Miami, FA Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago
Australia Square, Sydney, Australia
Aztec Stadium, Mexico City.
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
BMW Museum, Munich, Germany
Brussels World's Fair, Brussels, Belgium
The Chase Manhattan Collection, New York
Dallas-Fort Worth Airport, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX
Federal Reserve Bank, Philadelphia, PA
Fort Worth National Bank, New York, New York
Fourth National Bank and Trust Company of Wichita, Wichita, CT
City of Fresno, CA
Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Torino, Turin, Italy
General Motors Technical Center, Warren, MI
City of Grand Rapids, MI
The Clos Pegase Sculpture Garden, Calistoga, CA
Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, OH
Greater Pittsburgh Airport, Pittsburgh, PA
Grenoble Railroad Station, Grenoble, France
The Hakone Open-Air Museum, Kanagawa, Japan
Hanover Opera House, Hanover, Germany
Havana Museum, Havana, Cuba
Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.
Hotel Avila Ballroom, Caracas, Venezuela
Hugh Lane Municipal Gallery of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
Jean Bart School
Katzenbach & Warren, New York, New York
Kennedy International Airport, Queens, New York
Kentucky Center for the Arts, Louisville, KY
Kunsthalle Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, New York, New York
Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, CA
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark
Maeght Foundation, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France
Maison de la Culture, Bourges, France
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York
The M.H. de Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco, CA
Michigan Bell Telephone Building, Detroit, MI
Middle East Airlines and Co., Beirut, Lebanon
Minneapolis Sculpture Garden, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
Mount Herzl, Jerusalem, Israel
Musée de Grenoble, Grenoble, France
Musée national d`art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain
The Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas
Museum of New Art, Lódz, Poland
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York
Museum of Western Art, Moscow, Russia
Nagoya City Art Museum, Nagoya, Japan
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany
National Museum of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, CT City, CT
Nestle SA, Vevey, Switzerland
Neuberger Museum, State University of New York at Purchase, Purchase, New York Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL
Openluchtmuseum voor Beeldhouwkunst Middelheim, Antwerp, Belgium
Penn Center Plaza, Philadelphia, PA
Pepsico Sculpture Gardens, Purchase, New York
The Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
Rond Point de La Defense Metro Station, Paris, France
Roundtable and The B. Gerald Cantor Sculpture Gardens, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Main Square, Sache, France
Sears Tower, Chicago
Security Pacific National Bank, Los Angeles, California
City of Smithtown, Long Island, New York
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, New York
St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Stevens Insitute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ
Storm King Art Center, Sculpture Park, Mountainville, New York
Terrace Plaza Hotel, Cincinnati, OH
University of California, Berkeley, Art Museum, Berkeley, CA
University of Indiana, Bloomington, IN
University of Iowa Hospitals, Iowa City, IA
U.S. Consulate, Frankfurt, Germany
U.S. General Services Administration for Federal Center Plaza, Chicago
U.S. Mission to the United States, New York, New York
Weatherspoon Art Gallery, The University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York
Yale University, New Haven, CT.